Guide to Sushi

by David Ng

in Food,Guide


Vinegar plus rice plus fish equals sushi.

Sounds simple enough; right? Originating in Japan, sushi has a long line of history and it definitely shows with the styles and varieties that exist today.
Nigiri, Gunkan, Maki, and Temaki.
So what does all these terms actually mean and how many types of sushi are there? This sushi guide will explain (with beautiful pictures of course) the “species” of sushi that are commonly found in sushi restaurants.

Nigiri Sushi (Hand Formed Sushi)

Nigiri Sushi are hand formed by an experienced sushi chef. First, he will use his hand to form the vinegared rice into a ball like shape. Finally, completing it by topping a freshly sliced fish.

Tuna and salmon are perhaps the most common toppings but for the more adventurous dinners there are many other choices.

Salmon Nigiri Salmon Nigiri
Tuna Nigiri Tuna Nigiri
Eel Nigiri Unagi (Eel) Nigiri
Seared White Tuna Nigiri Seared White Tuna Nigiri
Albacore (White Tuna) Nigiri Sushi Albacore (a.k.a White Tuna) Nigiri
Mackerel Nigiri Mackerel Nigiri
Red Snapper Nigiri Red Snapper Nigiri

Gunkan Roll (Warship Roll)

Gunkan Sushi or (Warship roll) is a bit more complex. In order to hold soft toppings in place, a thin piece of Nori (Dried Seaweed) is wrapped around a ball of rice.

The usual toppings include salmon roe, flying fish roe, and spicy tuna.

Ikura (Salmon Roe) Gunkan Ikura Salmon Roe Gunkan
ATobiko (Flying Fish Roe) Gunkan Tobiko (Flying Fish Roe) Gunkan Sushi
Negi Toro (Blue fin Tuna Belly) Gunkan Negi Toro (Blue fin Tuna Belly)
Spicy Tuna Gunkan Spicy Tuna Gunkan
Sea Urchin Gunkan Sea Urchin Gunkan

Maki Sushi (Rolled Sushi)

Sushi rolls are made by rolling together ingredients on a bamboo mat. Though more complex than the previous types, Maki has been adopted into various Western adaptations.
California rolls consisting of vinegared rice, avocado, imitation crab meat, cucumber, nori (dried seaweed), and sesame seeds are probably the most well known Western adaptation.

California Roll California Roll
California Roll with Roe California Roll with Roe
Caterpillar Roll Caterpillar Roll
Shrimp Tempura Roll Shrimp Tempura Roll
Scallop California Roll Scallop California Roll

Temaki (Hand) Roll

Lasty, hand rolls are made by placing ingredients on a seaweed sheet and then shaping it into a cone.

California Hand Roll California Hand Roll

With so many choices, I can’t decide on a favorite. Do you have a favorite?

  • Florian’s french blog

    Very interesting information especially for suchivore :p

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  • Wan Beacham

    I love sushi, especially with salmon in it. The pictures are lovely and interesting.

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  • David Ng

     A suchivore? You mean sushivore? Lol. I’m glad we are of the same species. 

  • David Ng

     I’m a big fan of salmon sushi too. Probably my favorite. I like it way more than the other stuff probably because it is so common and I eat it a lot.

  • letfarm com

    I am an Indonesian, when I can taste the food? ohhh. by Hafizh,

  • Rcflex2

    All that sushi looked delicious… Mmmm

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